All you need to know about Zambia


Cover Photo by South Luangwa National Park

About Zambia

General Information About Zambia

Facts About Zambia

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Brief About Zambia

Zambia is a completely landlocked country in Southern Africa bordered by Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania and Zimbabwe. Its border with Botswana is only a kilometre (about half a mile) long while the Victoria Falls forms a natural border with Zimbabwe.

The Falls – traditionally known as Mosi-oa-Tunya or The Smoke That Thunders for the intense noise and colossal spray – are a major tourist attraction and a must-see on an African safari. Zambia is also known for its unbelievable birding (around 860 recorded species!) and productive national parks like Kafue, South Luangwa and Lower Zambezi. The country was also a pioneer in walking safaris in which you leave behind the game-drive vehicle and set out on foot, the way ancient Zambians always traversed the bush. This is an exciting, inspiring and humbling way of encountering wildlife. One of the most water-rich countries in Africa, Zambia has five vast lakes, three major rivers, at least 17 waterfalls and various wetland areas.

In addition to major conservation areas, the country also has considerable mineral wealth. Copper is mined in the north and forms a significant part of Zambia’s income. Lusaka, the capital, is growing quickly with over three million people calling it home. In the rural areas, subsistence farming provides a livelihood for many people. Zambia is one of the fastest growing economies on the African continent and respectful, ethical tourism is crucial to the country’s on-going development.

Zambia Geographical Information

Botswana is a land-locked country dominated in geographical terms by the Kalahari Desert – a sand-filled basin averaging 1,100 meters above sea level. Botswana is bordered by Zambia and Zimbabwe to the northeast, Namibia to the north and west, and South Africa to the south and southeast.

In the northern part of Botswana, four countries (Zambia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Namibia) meet at a single point midstream of the Zambezi River. The country lies between longitudes 20°C and 30°C degrees east of Greenwich Meridian and between the latitudes 18°C and 27°C approximately south of the Equator.

The country is situated in the Southern African region and about two-thirds of Botswana lies within the Tropics; it is bisected by the Tropic of Capricorn.

Zambia Climate And Seasons

Botswana’s climate is semi-arid though it is hot and dry for much of the year. The country experiences all four seasons namely summer, autumn, winter, and spring. The summer season begins in November and ends in March, bringing with it temperatures that can sometimes reach a blistering 44°C.

The winter season begins in May and ends in August. Winter days are invariably sunny and cool to warm. However, evening and night temperatures can drop below freezing point in some areas especially in the southwest. Sometimes frost is common and small quantities of water can freeze. This is also the dry season when virtually no rainfall occurs. The in-between periods – April/early May and September/October – still tend to be dry, but the days are cooler than in summer and the nights are warmer than in winter.

Zambia Immigration / Zambia Visa Applications

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, all visitors entering Botswana must hold a passport that is valid for at least six months, except those with United Nations Convention travel documents. 

All Citizens of Commonwealth countries do not require visa except those from Bangladesh Cameroon, Ghana, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Foreign nationals whose countries have signed a Visa Abolition Agreement with Botswana are also not required to apply for a visa. Valid entry visas for the countries which do require them may be obtained from Botswana’s various embassies and High Commissions abroad. 

In countries where Botswana is not represented, visas may be obtained from the download fill scan and send. Entry visas obtained at border posts are valid for a maximum 14 days. Visitors are not allowed to stay in Botswana for more than 90 days in every calendar year. Extensions may be obtained from any Department of Immigration office in Botswana.

National Parks in Zambia

Zambia FAQs

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